Based on ongoing research, this presentation will provide an overview of the "Growth Models Perspective" in political economy. Growth models are characterized by different demand drivers, which map onto various key sectors (e.g. manufacturing, construction, finance), and are underwritten by "dominant social blocs," whose core is constituted by a cross-class alliance between large companies and skilled workers in dominant sectors.
The social bloc is more or less broad depending on whether the interests of other groups outside the core, in primis low-skilled workers and the petite bourgeoisie, can be made compatible with the interests of the core. This in turn is a function of the economic requirements of the growth model, whose degrees of freedom may vary, and of the organizational capacities, including electoral mobilization, of the dominated groups. The analytical framework will be illustrated through references to the trajectories of Germany, Italy, Sweden, and the UK since the 1990s.
Lucio Baccaro is Director at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Cologne and Professor of Sociology at the University of Geneva. He received a joint PhD in Management (Work and Employment Relations) and Political Science from MIT in 1999.
In the past, he taught at Case Western Reserve University (1998-2000) and MIT (2006-2008) and held senior research positions at the ILO (2000-2005). He has also held visiting teaching positions at the University of Milan, University of Vienna, and University of Turin (Collegio Carlo Alberto).
His current research focus is on the political economy of growth models (in collaboration with Jonas Pontusson). His previous research focused on the comparative political economy of industrial relations and labour markets, particularly on the origins and outcomes of collective bargaining structures, the impact of unions on inequality, trajectories of union revitalization, the socioeconomic effects of corporatist institutions, and the institutional determinants of unemployment and wage moderation.
He is the author (with Chris Howell) of Trajectories of Neoliberal Transformation: European Industrial Relations since the 1970s (CUP, 2017).
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Roeterseiland campus, Room REC- B3.01